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ARROW

ARROW

The ARROW function draws an arrow or multiple arrows between points.

Tip: The ARROW function draws arrows from one (X, Y) location to another (X, Y) location, either as an annotation or within the data space. The VECTOR function may be used to draw a vector field or wind field (in arbitrary units) at a series of (X, Y) locations.

Example


Using the ARROW function, display a route through Reykjavik.

; Read in the data from an existing map image.
im = FILEPATH('reykjavik.png', $
   SUBDIR=['examples', 'data'])
READ_PNG, im, myImage
 
; Display the image.
y = IMAGE(myImage)
 
; Create the individual line segments for the arrows.
a1 = ARROW([579,653], [139,326], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a2 = ARROW([653,598], [326,347], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a3 = ARROW([598,545], [347,347], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a4 = ARROW([545,518], [347,350], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a5 = ARROW([518,498], [350,359], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a6 = ARROW([498,279], [359,458], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a7 = ARROW([279,244], [458,415], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a8 = ARROW([244,231], [415,343], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a9 = ARROW([231,219], [343,345], COLOR='blue', /DATA, /CURRENT)
a1.thick=2
a2.thick=2
a3.thick=2
a4.thick=2
a5.thick=2
a6.thick=2
a7.thick=2
a8.thick=2
a9.thick=2

Additional Examples

See Additional Examples and Annotations Examples for additional examples using the ARROW function.

Syntax


graphic = ARROW(X, Y, [, Keywords=value] [, Properties=value])

Keywords

Keywords are applied only during the initial creation of the graphic.

/DATA

/DEVICE

/NORMAL

/RELATIVE

TARGET=variable

Properties

Properties can be set as keywords to the function during creation, or retrieved or changed using the "." notation after creation.

ANTIALIAS

ARROW_STYLE

CLIP

COLOR

FILL_BACKGROUND

FILL_COLOR

FILL_TRANSPARENCY

HEAD_ANGLE

HEAD_INDENT

HEAD_SIZE

HIDE

LINE_THICK

NAME

POSITION

THICK

TRANSPARENCY

UVALUE

WINDOW

Methods


Close

ConvertCoord

CopyWindow

Delete

Erase

GenerateCode

GetData

GetValueAtLocation

MapForward

MapInverse

Order

Print

Refresh

Rotate

Save

Scale

Select

SetData

Translate

Note: The GetValueAtLocation method is not supported for ARROW.

Return Value


The ARROW function returns a reference to the created annotation. Use the returned reference to manipulate the annotation after creation by changing properties or by calling methods.

Arguments


X

A two-element vector [xstart, xend] containing the x-coordinates for the arrow. By default, the coordinates are in normalized units (between 0 and 1). To draw multiple arrows, X can also be set to a 2 x N array, where each two-element row contains the [xstart, xend] coordinates for that arrow. In this case, Y should also be set to a 2 x N array.

Y

A two-element vector [ystart, yend] containing the y-coordinates for the arrow. By default, the coordinates are in normalized units (between 0 and 1). To draw multiple arrows, Y can also be set to a 2 x N array, where each two-element row contains the [ystart, yend] coordinates for that arrow. In this case, X should also be set to a 2 x N array.

Keywords


Keywords are applied only during the initial creation of the graphic.

DATA

Set this keyword to 1 if the input arguments are specified in data coordinates. Setting this keyword inserts the arrow into the data space. Otherwise, the arrow is added to the annotation layer.

Note: If the arrow head extends beyond the data range, the arrow will not be drawn. For double-headed arrows, if either arrow head extends beyond the data range, the arrow will not be drawn.

DEVICE

Set this keyword if the x and y coordinates are specified in device coordinates (pixels).

NORMAL

Set this keyword to 1 if the input arguments are specified in normalized (0, 1) coordinates (this is the default behavior).

RELATIVE

Set this keyword to indicate that the input arguments are specified in normalized [0,1] coordinates, relative to the axis range of the TARGET's dataspace. If the TARGET keyword is not specified, then setting /RELATIVE is the same as setting /NORMAL.

Note: When using /RELATIVE, even though the coordinates are relative to the TARGET's dataspace, the graphic is added to the annotation layer, not to the dataspace.

TARGET

If points are specified in data coordinates, set this keyword to the graphic object in which to insert the arrow. By default, the current graphic is used.

Properties


ANTIALIAS

By default, anti-aliasing is used when drawing lines. Set this property to 0 to disable anti-aliasing.

ARROW_STYLE

Set this property to an integer specifying the style or arrow used. The valid values are:

Value

Arrow Style

1

-------> (default)

2

<-------

3

<------>

4

>------>

5

<------<

If you pass an invalid value, the ARROW_STYLE is set to 1 (the default value).

CLIP

Set this property to 1 to clip portions of the arrow that lie outside of the dataspace range, or to 0 to disable clipping. The default is 1. This property is ignored unless the DATA property is set.

COLOR

Set this property to a string or RGB vector that specifies the arrow color. The default value is "black". If you are drawing multiple arrows (X and Y are 2 x N arrays) then COLOR can be set to either an N-element string array of color names, or to a 3 x N byte array where each row contains the 3-element RGB color for that arrow. If there are less colors than arrows, then the colors are cyclically repeated. If there is only a single color, then all arrows will have the same color.

FILL_BACKGROUND

Set this property to 1 to fill the arrow (the default behavior). A value of 0 draws the arrow as an outline.

FILL_COLOR

Set this property to a string or RGB vector that specifies the arrow fill color. The default behavior is to match the COLOR property. If you are drawing multiple arrows (X and Y are 2 x N arrays) then FILL_COLOR can be set to either an N-element string array of color names, or to a 3 x N byte array where each row contains the 3-element RGB fill color for that arrow. If there are less colors than arrows, then the colors are cyclically repeated. If there is only a single fill color, then all arrows will have the same fill color.

Note: If you set the FILL_COLOR property to a scalar number (with any value), then the FILL_COLOR will be reset so that it again matches the COLOR property.

FILL_TRANSPARENCY

Set this property to an integer between 0 and 100 that specifies the percent transparency of the arrow interior.

The default value is the same as the TRANSPARENCY property value.

HEAD_ANGLE

Set this property to a floating-point value between 0 and 90 that specifies the angle (in degrees) between the arrowhead and the shaft. The default value is 30.

HEAD_INDENT

Set this property to a floating-point value between -1 and 1 that specifies the indentation of the back of the arrowhead along the shaft.

A value of 0 gives a triangular shape. A value of 1 draws an arrowhead composed of two lines. A value of -1 creates a diamond-shaped arrowhead. The default value is 0.4.

HEAD_SIZE

Set this property to a floating-point factor used to scale the arrow heads. The default value is 1. If you are drawing multiple arrows (X and Y are 2 x N arrays) then HEAD_SIZE can be set to an array of head sizes. If there are less elements than arrows, then the head sizes are cyclically repeated. If there is only a single HEAD_SIZE value, then all arrows will have the same head size.

HIDE

Set this property to 1 to hide the arrow. A value of 0 reveals the arrow (the default behavior).

LINE_THICK

Set this property to a value between 0 and 10 specifying the thickness of the arrow outline. The default value is 1.

NAME

Set this property to a string that specifies the name of the graphic. The name can be used to retrieve the graphic using the bracket array notation. If NAME is not set, IDL assigns a name based on the graphic type.

POSITION

Set this property to a two or four-element vector that determines the position of the graphic within the window. If two elements are provided, the center of the graphic will be translated to that position. For four elements, the coordinates [X1, Y1, X2, Y2] define the lower left and upper right corners of the graphic. Coordinates are expressed in normalized units ranging from 0.0 to 1.0. On creation, if the DEVICE keyword is set, the units are given in device units (pixels).

THICK

Set this property to a floating-point value between 1 and 10 that specifies the thickness of the arrow shaft. The default value is 1. If you are drawing multiple arrows (X and Y are 2 x N arrays) then THICK can be set to an array of thicknesses. If there are less elements than arrows, then the thickness values are cyclically repeated. If there is only a single THICK value, then all arrows will have the same thickness.

TRANSPARENCY

Set this property to an integer between 0 and 100 that specifies the percent transparency of the arrow. The default value is 0.

UVALUE

Set this property to an IDL variable of any data type.

WINDOW (Get Only)

This property retrieves a reference to the WINDOW object which contains the graphic.

Additional Examples


The following code creates an image with four arrows, each with a different color and arrow head size.

im = IMAGE(FILEPATH('muscle.jpg', $
  SUBDIRECTORY=['examples','data']), $
  TITLE='Muscle Cell Abnormality', $
  XRANGE=[0,400])
xcoord = [[52,114], [81,199], [222,278], [241,292]]
ycoord = [[224,138], [297,173], [344,242], [433,327]]
arrows = ARROW(xcoord, ycoord, /DATA, $
  COLOR=['red','green','blue','violet'], $
  THICK=4, HEAD_SIZE=[1,1.5,2,2.5])

Version History


8.0.1

Introduced

8.1

Added the following properties: UVALUE.

The LINE_THICK property was changed to accept a value between 0 and 10.

Added the following methods: Delete, GetData, SetData.

8.2

Added support for multiple arrows to the X and Y arguments, and to COLOR, FILL_COLOR, HEAD_SIZE, THICK.

8.2.2

Added POSITION property.

See Also


!COLOR, POLYLINE, POLYGON, VECTOR, Using IDL Graphics



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