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CGGEOMAP

CGGEOMAP
  The purpose of this function is to translate a GEOTIFF structure
  (as returned by QUERY_TIFF or READ_TIFF) into a map coordinate
  object (cgMap) that can be used to georeference images with a
  map data coordinate system. The Coyote Library is required.
  It is not possible to have a one-to-one mapping between every GeoTIFF file and a map projection
  in IDL, since IDL has a limited number of map projections and datums available. And, even at that,
  I have not implemented all of IDL's map projections or datums, only those that I thought were most
  likely to be encountered in my own work. If you run into a GeoTIFF file that does not work in this
  code (either because of an error in the code or because it is not supported), please contact me.
  I am interested in supporting as many GeoTIFF files as possible and I will take pains to do so if
  I know they are needed.
 

Categories


    Graphics, Map Projections
   

Returns


    A cgMap coordinate object is returned containing the map projection information
    for the image.
     

Params


    image: in, optional, type=various
        A GeoTIFF image. This can optionally be the name of a GeoTiff file.
        If a filename is used, do not pass the geoTiff parameter, as this
        parameter will be obtained from the GeoTiff file.
             

Keywords


    boundary: out, optional, type=array
        A four-element array giving the boundaries of the map projection in the form
        [x0,y0,x1,y1]. This is a more convenient way of expressing the range
        of the map space.
    ccolor: in, optional, type=string, default='Charcoal'
        The name of a color the map continents should be displayed with. The default
        is "charcoal". Color names are those supported by cgColor.
    clip: in, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        Set this keyword to display the image (assumes the `Display` keyword is set)
        with a two-precent histogram clipping.
    continents: in, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        If a cgMap object is made successfully, then setting this keyword
        will add a cgMapContinents object to the cgMap object.
    display: in, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        Set this keyword to display the image with the map annotations in a
        resizeable cgWindow.
    ellipsoid: out, optional, type=string
        The name of the ellipsoid used in the GeoTiff file.
    gcolor: in, optional, type=string, default='Gray'
        The name of a color the map grid should be displayed with. The default
        is "gray". Color names are those supported by cgColor.
    geotiff: in, optional, type=structure
        A GeoTIFF structure of geoTags. Normally obtained by calling
        QUERY_TIFF or READ_TIFF, but will be read from the file if a
        filename is passed as the first positional parameter. If the geotag
        is read from the file, it can be passed back to the user by setting
        this keyword to a named variable.
    grid: in, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        If a cgMap object is made successfully, then setting this keyword
        will add a cgMapGrid object to the cgMap object.
    image: out, optional, type=varies
        Set this keyword to a named variable that on exit will contain the image data.
    latlonbox: out, optional, type=array
        A four-element array giving the boundaries of the map projection in the
        Google Map form of [north, south, east, west]. This is useful when you
        are creating image overlays to be added to Google Earth.
    map_projection: out, optional, type=string
        The name of the map projection found in the GeoTiff file.
    mcolor: in, optional, type=string, default='Black'
        The name of a color the map should be displayed in. (Normally the map
        border and map title are displayed in this color.)
    onimage: in, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        Set this keword if the map object is to get its position from the last
        cgImage command issued.
    palette: out, optional, type=bytarr
        If the GeoTiff file contains RGB color vectors, and keywords to cgGeoTiff cause the
        file to be read (e.g, IMAGE or DISPLAY), then this output keyword will contain those
        vectors in a 3-by-256 byte array.
    silent: in, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        IDL cannot map every GeoTiff image to a supported map projection or datum.
        Normally, if the GeoTIFF image is unsupported, an error message is issued.
        Setting this keyword will suppress such error messages. If you do this, you
        MUST check the SUCCESS keyword to see if the program ran successfully. (Of
        course, it is a good idea to check it in any case!)
    sub_rect: in, optional, type=integer
        Set this keyword to a four-element array, [x, y, width, height], that
        specifies a rectangular region within the file to extract. Only the
        rectangular portion of the image selected by this keyword is read and
        returned. The rectangle is measured in pixels from the lower left
        corner (right hand coordinate system). If this keyword is not use, the
        entire image is read.
    success: out, optional, type=boolean, default=0
        An output variable that will contain a 1 if the map coordinate object was
        created successfully. Or to a 0 if it was not created successfully.
    title: in, optional, type=string, default=""
        The title of the map projection.
    _extra: in, optional
        Any keyword appropriate for cgImage can be collected and passed along if
        the DISPLAY keyword is also set.
         

Examples


    To display a GeoTiff image in cgWindow with map annotations::
      file = 'C:\IDL\data\tiff\AF03sep15b.n16-VIg.tif'
      mapCoord = cgGeoMap(file, /Continents, /Grid, /Display)
     

Author


    FANNING SOFTWARE CONSULTING::
        David W. Fanning
        1645 Sheely Drive
        Fort Collins, CO 80526 USA
        Phone: 970-221-0438
        E-mail: david@idlcoyote.com
        Coyote's Guide to IDL Programming: http://www.idlcoyote.com/

History


Modification History


        Converted from old GeoTIff program in Catalyst Library to run with Coyote Graphics routines.
          9 November 2011. David W. Fanning.
        Assuming meters as unit length if can't find linear measure in file. 1 Dec 2011. DWF.
        Added UTM Zone 18S (projection 29178) for LandSAT MSS images over Amazon. 1 Dec 2011. DWF.
        Added the ability to pass cgImage keywords via the keyword inheritance mechanism. 1 Dec 2011. DWF.
        Added SUB_RECT keyword. 5 Dec 2011. DWF.
        Added ability to read GOES EAST and GOES WEST GeoTiff files from this NOAA web site:
            http://http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/ml/gis/index.html. 26 Dec 2011. DWF.
        Modified code to read GeoTiff files created by HEG v2.11 from HDF-EOS2 grid files. 30 Dec 2011. DWF.
        Modified to read multi-dimensional GeoTiff images and reverse the images correct. 12 Jan 2012. DWF.
        Write base filename as title for window if the DISPLAY keyword is set. 22 Feb 2012. DWF.
        Had inexplicably left out CENTER_LATITUDE parameter in Equirectangular projection. 30 July 2012. DWF.
        Added PALETTE keyword to return the RGB color palette present in the file, if any. 16 August 2012. DWF.
        Moved the geotiff argument to a GEOTIFF keyword, as I always expect it to be this way. 6 Sept 2012. DWF.
        Removed UTM/WGS84 warning message in IDL 8.2, as this problem has been fixed in IDL 8.2. 2 Oct 2012. DWF.
        Added BOUNDARY, ELLIPSOID, LATLONBOX, and MAP_PROJECTION output keywords to facilitate
            creating Google Earth overlays. 30 Oct 2012. DWF.
        Small fix to allow true-color TIFF images to be read correctly. 11 Sept 2013. DWF.
        Modified program to look for NSIDC Hughes ellipsoid specified as semi-major axis of 6378273.0 and
            semi-minor axis of 6356889.4 as specified by the GeoTiff tags GEOGSEMIMAJORAXISGEOKEY and
            GEOGSEMIMINORAXISGEOKEY. I do this ONLY for Polar Stereographic map projections.
        True-color geoTiff files not being returned correctly because of a typo. Changed "GT" to "GE" on line 1380. 8 Dec 2013. DWF.
        Ran into GeoTiff file with a ModelTransformationTag field instead of the usual ModelPixelScaleTag
            and ModelTiePointTag fields. Modified the program to get needed information from the
            transformation matrix. This *assumes* no rotation, etc. 10 Oct 2014. DWF.
       

Copyright


    Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Fanning Software Consulting, Inc.



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