Welcome to the Harris Geospatial product documentation center. Here you will find reference guides, help documents, and product libraries.

  >  Docs Center  >  ENVI API  >  ENVI Classic Processing  >  ENVI_TCIMF_DOIT



Use this procedure to run the Target-Constrained Interference-Minimized Filter (TCIMF) target analysis. TCIMF detects the desired targets, eliminates non-targets, and minimizes interfering effects in one operation. TCIMF is constrained to eliminate the response of non-targets rather than minimizing their energy, just like other interferences in CEM. Previous studies show that if the spectral angle between the target and the non-target is significant, TCIMF can potentially reduce the number of false positives as compared to CEM results.

To remove anomalous pixels before modeling the scene background, run ENVI_SUBSPACE_BACKGROUND_STATS_DOIT prior to ENVI_TCIMF_DOIT. Removing anomalous pixels prior to modeling the scene background can potentially improve the results, particularly in a scene that has a lot of clutter or man-made objects.


ENVI_DOIT, 'ENVI_TCIMF_DOIT' [, COV=array], DIMS=array, FID=file ID [, /IN_MEMORY] [,M_FID=file ID] [,M_POS=value] [, NON_TARGET=variable] [, OUT_BNAME=string array], OUT_NAME=string, POS=array [, R_FID=variable], TARGET=array [, USE_COV=variable]



Use this keyword to specify the covariance matrix input bands. If the keyword is not defined, ENVI Classic computes it internally.


The “dimensions” keyword is a five-element array of long integers that defines the spatial subset (of a file or array) to use for processing. Nearly every time you specify the keyword FID, you must also specify the spatial subset of the corresponding file (even if the entire file, with no spatial subsetting, is to be processed).

  • DIMS[0]: A pointer to an open ROI; use only in cases where ROIs define the spatial subset. Otherwise, set to -1L.
  • DIMS[1]: The starting sample number. The first x pixel is 0.
  • DIMS[2]: The ending sample number
  • DIMS[3]: The starting line number. The first y pixel is 0.
  • DIMS[4]: The ending line number

To process an entire file (with no spatial subsetting), define DIMS as shown in the following code example. This example assumes you have already opened a file using ENVI_SELECT or ENVI_PICKFILE:

  envi_file_query, fid, dims=dims


The file ID (FID) is a long-integer scalar with a value greater than 0. An invalid FID has a value of -1. The FID is provided as a named variable by any routine used to open or select a file. Often, the FID is returned from the keyword R_FID in the ENVIRasterToFID routine. Files are processed by referring to their FIDs. If you work directly with the file in IDL, the FID is not equivalent to a logical unit number (LUN).

IN_MEMORY (optional)

Set this keyword to specify that output should be stored in memory. If you do not set IN_MEMORY, output will be stored on disk and you must specify OUT_NAME (see below).

M_FID (optional)

Use this keyword to specify the file ID of the mask file. This value is returned from the keyword R_FID in the ENVI_OPEN_FILE procedure. M_FID is a long integer with a value greater than 0. An invalid file ID has a value of -1.

M_POS (optional)

Use this keyword to specify the band position of the mask band. M_POS is a long integer with a value greater than or equal to 0.

NON_TARGET (optional)

Use this keyword to specify the non-target spectra. It is a floating-point array. The array size is [number of input bands, number of target spectra]. TCIMF is constrained to eliminate the response of non-targets, and has the potential to reduce the false positives over CEM. If this keyword is not defined, you need to define at least two target spectra so that each target can use the other as non-target information.

OUT_BNAME (optional)

Use this keyword to specify a string array of output band names.


Use this keyword to specify a string with the output filename for the resulting data. If you set the keyword IN_MEMORY, you do not need to specify OUT_NAME.


Use this keyword to specify an array of band positions, indicating the band numbers on which to perform the operation. This keyword indicates the spectral subset of bands to use in processing. POS is an array of long integers, ranging from 0 to the number of bands minus 1. Specify bands starting with zero (Band 1=0, Band 2=1, etc.) For example, to process only Bands 3 and 4 of a multi-band file, POS=[2, 3].

POS is typically used with individual files. The example code below illustrates the use of POS for a single file with four bands of data:

envi_doit, 'envi_stats_doit', dims=dims, fid=fid, pos=pos, $
comp_flag=3, dmin=dmin, dmax=dmax, mean=mean, stdv=stdv, hist=hist

But what if you need to create an output file consisting of data from different bands, each from different files? Library routines such as CF_DOIT and ENVI_LAYER_STACKING_DOIT can accomplish this, but they use the POS keyword differently. Suppose you have four files, test1, test2, test3, and test4, with corresponding FIDs of fid1, fid2, fid3, and fid4, respectively. In the following example, you want Band 3 from test1 in the first position, Band 2 from test2 in the second position, Band 6 from test3 in the third position, and Band 4 from test4 in the fourth position. The code should be as follows:

  fid_array = [fid1,fid2,fid3,fid4]
envi_doit, 'cf_doit', dims=dims, fid=fid_array

R_FID (optional)

ENVI Classic library routines that result in new images also have an R_FID, or “returned FID.” This is simply a named variable containing the file ID to access the processed data. Specifying this keyword saves you the step of opening the new file from disk.

TARGET (optional)

Use this keyword to specify the target spectra. It is a floating-point array. The array size is [number of input bands, number of target spectra].

USE_COV (optional)

Use this keyword to specify using the covariance matrix as background statistics instead of the input bands correlation matrix. By default, ENVI Classic uses the input bands correlation matrix as background statistics, which is derived from the covariance matrix internally. If this keyword is defines, it must be with a nonzero value.

API Version


© 2018 Harris Geospatial Solutions, Inc. |  Legal
My Account    |    Store    |    Contact Us