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    Generate a Poisson random deviate


    Return an integer random deviate drawn from a Poisson distribution with
    a specified mean. Adapted from procedure of the same name in
    "Numerical Recipes" by Press et al. (1992), Section 7.3
    NOTE: This routine became partially obsolete in V5.0 with the
    introduction of the POISSON keyword to the intrinsic functions
    RANDOMU and RANDOMN. However, POIDEV is still useful for adding
    Poisson noise to an existing image array, for which the coding is much
    simpler than it would be using RANDOMU (see example 1)

Calling Sequence

    result = POIDEV( xm, [ SEED = ] )


    xm - numeric scalar, vector or array, specifying the mean(s) of the
          Poisson distribution


    result - Long integer scalar or vector, same size as xm
    SEED - Scalar to be used as the seed for the random distribution.
            For best results, SEED should be a large (>100) integer.
            If SEED is undefined, then its value is taken from the system
            clock (see RANDOMU). The value of SEED is always updated
            upon output. This keyword can be used to have POIDEV give
            identical results on consecutive runs.


    (1) Add Poisson noise to an integral image array, im
              IDL> imnoise = POIDEV( im)
    (2) Verify the expected mean and sigma for an input value of 81
              IDL> p = POIDEV( intarr(10000) + 81) ;Test for 10,000 points
              IDL> print,mean(p),sigma(p)
    Mean and sigma of the 10000 points should be close to 81 and 9


    For small values (< 20) independent exponential deviates are generated
    until their sum exceeds the specified mean, the number of events
    required is returned as the Poisson deviate. For large (> 20) values,
    uniform random variates are compared with a Lorentzian distribution


    Negative values in the input array will be returned as zeros.

Revision History

      Version 1 Wayne Landsman July 1992
      Added SEED keyword September 1992
      Call intrinsic LNGAMMA function November 1994
      Converted to IDL V5.0 W. Landsman September 1997
      Use COMPLEMENT keyword to WHERE() W. Landsman August 2008

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